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Pollution Prevention through Process Integration

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Pollution Prevention through Process Integration

MahmoudM. El-Halwagi

ISBN 0122368452
Pages 318

The environmental impact of industrial waste is one of the most serious challenges facing the chemical process industries. From a focus on end-of-pipe treatment in the 1970s, chemical manufacturers have increasinglyimplemented pollution prevention policies in which pollutants are mitigated at the source or separated and recovered and then reused or sold.

This book is the first to present systematic techniques for cost-effective pollution prevention, altering what has been an art that depends on experience and subjective opinion into a science rooted in fundamental engineering principles and process integration. Step-by-step procedures are presented that are widely applicable to the chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, pharmaceutical, food, and metals industries.

Various levels of sophistication ranging from graphical methods to algebraic procedures and mathematical optimization, numerous applications and case studies, and integrated software for optimizing waste recovery systems make Pollution Prevention through Process Integration: Systematic Design Tools a must read for a wide spectrum of practicing engineers, environmental scientists, plant managers, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in the areas of pollution prevention andprocess integration.

Overview of Pollution Prevention and Process Integration. Modeling of Individual Mass Exchange Units for Environmental Applications. Synthesis of Mass Exchange Networks. Graphical Techniques for Mass Integration: Segregation,Recycle, Interception, and Unit Manipulation. Optimization Techniques for Mass Integration. Synthesis of Reactive Mass Exchange Networks. Combined Heat and Mass Integration. Design of Heat-Induced Separation Networks. Recovery of VOCs. Modeling and Design of Membrane Systems. Environmentally-Benign Chemistry and Species. Subject Index.