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AN END TO GLOBAL WARMING
The 6+ billion inhabitants of earth aspire to higher standards of living. This takes energy. If fossil fuels continue to be the key source of energy their waste product, carbon dioxide, will produce disagreeable changes in the climate. Depletion of fossil fuels will cause the cost of energy and fuel based chemicals to spiral. Climate change and high fuel prices will thwart these aspirations and will increase the probability of lethal international conflicts over energy supplies. We must stop using fossil fuels.
Optimistically, we could switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources (solar, wind, etc.). Regrettably these sources are difficult to harvest and unreliable. They cannot, alone, serve as a base load energy supply for humanity. Fission nuclear power yields extremely hazardous waste for which no fully agreeable disposal method has been developed.
Laurence Williams applied aerospace systems analysis techniques to seek a new energy system.
Fossil Fuels . What are fossil fuels. Physical damage from extraction of fossil fuels. Atmospheric damage caused by fossil fuels. Smog. Acid rain. Carbon dioxide. Fossil fuels - valuable chemical resources. Plastics, fibers and paints are made from fossil fuels. Lubricants are make from fossil fuels. Printing inks and photogaphic film use fossil fuel compounds. Cleaning compounds and drugs use fossil fuel chemicals. Agriculture chemicals are derived from fossil fuels. Our food is protected by fossil fuel derived plastics. Fossil fuels - a source of international conflict. The neglected pollutants. Kyoto Treaty. Summary. Alternative Energy Sources . Energy use. Renewable energy sources. Solar energy. Solar thermal electric energy. Solar voltaic energy. Solar derived biomass energy. Wind energy. Geothermal energy. Hydropower energy. Ocean thermal energy conversion (Otec). Tidal energy. Wave energy. Non-renewable sources with short service life. Burner reactor nuclear energy. Non-renewable sources with long service life. Breeder reactor energy. Fusion reactor energy. Summary. The Energy Source-Nuclear Fusion Reactors . The fusion reaction. Magnetic confinement reactors. Linear magnetic confinement reactors. Toroidal magnetic confinement reactor (Tokamak). Other magnetic confinement techniques. Inertial confinement reactors. Fusion reactor safety. Decommissioning fusion power plants. Summary. A Chemical Fuel is Required . Chemical energy transport. Electrical energy transport. Storage of chemical energy. Storage of electrical energy. Hydrogen, the Optimum Fuel . Potential chemical fuels. Hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen properties and challenges. Properties of hydrogen. A note about synthetic hydrocarbons. Hydrogen safety. Summary. The Fusion-Hydrogen Energy System . Energy generation. Harvesting renewable energy sources. Energy storage and distribution. System conversion. Evolution to the fuel cell. Ancillary advantages of a fusion-hydrogen energy system. The total recycling of carbon compounds. Enhancement of agriculture. Hydrogen system safety. Summary. Hydrogen as a Transportation Fuel . The internal combustion automobile engine. The hydrogen air fuel cell. Hydrogen in aircraft. Summary. Oxygen-the Beneficial By-Product . Oxygen for solid waste processing. Oxygen sewage treatment. Ozone in water treatment. Cleaning of lakes and rivers. Summary. Implementation . Why? The world environment. The world economy. The cost. The technical challenge. The social/political hallenge. What do the challengers say? What action is vital to implement fusion-hydrogen? Summary. Synopsis. Index.