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Publications » Technology » Mining

Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation

Price £54.99

temporarily out of stock

Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation

JohnR. Fanchi

ISBN 0750679336
Pages 532

Description
SHORT BLURB/BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The hottest, most important topic to reservoir engineers is reservoir simulation. Reservoir simulations are literally pictures of what a reservoir of oil or gas looks, or should look, like under the surface of the earth. A multitude of tools is available to the engineer to generate these pictures, and, essentially, the more accurate the picture, the easier the engineer can get the product out of the ground, and, thus, the more profitable the well will be.

UNIQUE FEATURE: Completely revised and updated throughout, this new edition of a GPP industry standard has completely new sections on coalbed methane, CO2 sequestration (important for environmental concerns), Co2 Flood, more sophisticated petrophysical models for geoscientists, examples of subsidence, additional geomechanical calculations, and much more. What makes this book so different and valuable to the engineer is the accompanying software, used by reservoir engineers all over the world every day. The new software, IFLO (replacing WINB4D, in previous editions), is a simulator that the engineer can easily install in a Windows operating environment. IFLO generates simulations of how the well can be tapped and feeds this to the engineer in dynamic 3D perspective. This completely new software is much more functional, with better graphics and more scenarios from which the engineer can generate simulations.

BENEFIT TO THE READER: This book and software helps the reservoir engineer do his or her job on a daily basis, better, more economically, and more efficiently. Without simulations, the reservoir engineer would not be able to do his or her job at all, and the technology available in this product is far superior to most companies???internal simulation software. It is also much less expensive ($89.95 versus hundreds or even thousands of dollars) than off-the-shelf packages available from independent software companies servicing the oil and gas industry. It is, however, just as, or more accurate than these overpriced competitors, having been created by a high-profile industry expert and having been used by engineers in the real world with successful and profitable results.

Contents
Preface to Third Edition About the Author Introduction to Reservoir Management 1.1 Consensus Modeling 1.2 Management of Simulation Studies 1.3 “Hands-On???Simulation 1.4 Outline of the Text Exercises Part I - Reservoir Engineering Primer Basic Reservoir Analysis 2.1 Volumetrics 2.2 IFLO Volumetrics 2.3 Material Balance 2.4 Decline Curve Analysis 2.5 IFLO Application: Depletion of a Gas Reservoir vi Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation Exercises 3 Multiphase Flow Concepts 3.1 Basic Concepts 3.2 Capillary Pressure 3.3 Relative Permeability 3.4 Mobility and Fractional Flow 3.5Flow Concepts in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs Exercises 4 Fluid Displacement 4.1 Buckley-Leverett Theory 4.2 Welge’s Method 4.3 Miscible Displacement 4.4 Viscous Fingering 4.5IFLO Application: Buckley-Leverett Displacement Exercises 5 Frontal Stability 5.1 Frontal Advance Neglecting Gravity 5.2 Frontal Advance Including Gravity 5.3 Linear Stability Analysis 5.4 IFLO Application: Frontal Advance in a Dipping Reservoir Exercises Table of Contents vii Pattern Floods 6.1 Recovery Efficiency 6.2 Patterns and Spacing 6.3 Advances in Drilling Technology 6.4 Pattern Recovery 6.5 IFLO Application: Five-Spot Waterflood 6.6 IFLO Application: Line-Drive Waterflood in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Exercises 7 Recovery of Subsurface Resources 7.1 Production Stages 7.2 Enhanced Oil Recovery 7.3 Unconventional Fossil Fuels 7.4 IFLO Coal Gas Model 7.5 IFLO Application: Coal Gas Production from a Fruitland Coal Exercises 8 Economics and the Environment 8.1 Society of Petroleum Engineers and World Petroleum Congress Reserves 8.2 Basic Economic Concepts 8.3 Investment Decision Analysis 8.4 Environmental Impact viii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation 8.5 IFLO Application: CO2 Sequestration in a Mature Oil Field Exercises Part II - Reservoir Simulation 9 Multiphase Fluid Flow Equations 9.1 The Continuity Equation 9.2 Conservation Laws 9.3 Flow Equations for Black Oil Simulation 9.4 Flow Equations for Compositional Simulation 9.5 Flow Equations for IFLO 9.6 Simulator Selection and Ockham’s Razor 9.7 IFLO Application: Gas Injection into a Light Oil Reservoir Exercises 10 Fundamentals of Reservoir Simulation 10.1 Simulator Solution Procedures 10.2 Numerical Dispersion 10.3 IFLO Solution Procedure 10.4 IFLO Transmissibility 10.5 IFLO Well Model 10.6 IFLO Application: Throughput in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Model Exercises Table of Contents ix Overview of the Modeling Process 11.1 Prerequisites 11.2 Major Elements of a Reservoir Simulation Study 11.3 Reservoir Management Modeling System 11.4 Wellbore Modeling 11.5 Wellbore-Reservoir Coupling 11.6 Reservoir-Aquifer Model Exercises 12 Conceptual Reservoir Scales 12.1 Reservoir Sampling and Scales 12.2 Reservoir Geophysics 12.3 Correlating Reservoir Properties to Seismic Data 12.4 IFLO Petrophysical Model 12.5 IFLO Application: Scheduling Time-Lapse Seismic Surveys Exercises 13 Flow Units 13.1 Well Log Data 13.2 Pressure Transient Test Data 13.3 Pressure Correction 13.4 Integrating Scales: The Flow Unit 13.5 IFLO Application: Valley Fill Waterflood x Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation Exercises 14 Rock Properties 14.1 Porosity 14.2 Permeability 14.3 Porosity-Permeability Models 14.4 Permeability-Porosity-Fluid Pressure Relationships 14.5 IFLO Geomechanical Model 14.6 IFLO Application: Geomechanics and Compaction Exercises 15 Distributing Rock Properties 15.1 Types of Flow Models 15.2 Traditional Mapping 15.3 Computer Generated Mapping 15.4 Geostatistics and Kriging 15.5 Geostatistical Case Study Exercises 16 Fluid Properties 16.1 Fluid Types 16.2 Fluid Modeling 16.3 Fluid Sampling 16.4 IFLO Fluid Model Table of Contents xi 16.5 Rock-Fluid Interaction Exercises 17 Model Initialization 17.1 Grid Definition 17.2 Grid Orientation Effect 17.3 IFLO Initialization Model 17.4 Case Study: Introduction Exercises 18 History Matching 18.1 Data Preparation 18.2 Illustrative History Matching Strategies 18.3 Key History Matching Parameters 18.4 Evaluating the History Match 18.5 Case Study: Data Analysis and Grid Preparation Exercises 19 Predictions 19.1 Prediction Process 19.2 Sensitivity Analyses 19.3 Prediction Capabilities 19.4 Validity of Model Predictions 19.5 Case Study: History Match and Prediction xii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation Exercises Part III: IFLO User’s Manual Introduction to IFLO 20.1 Input Data File 20.2 IFLO Execution 20.3 IFLO Output Files 21 Initialization Data 21.1 Model Dimensions and Geometry 21.2 Porosity and Permeability Distributions 21.3 Rock Region Information 21.4 Modifications to Pore Volumes and Transmissibilities 21.5 Reservoir Geophysical Parameters 21.6 Fluid PVT Tables 21.7 Miscible Solvent Data 21.8 Pressure and Saturation Initialization 21.9 Run Control Parameters 21.10 Analytic Aquifer Models 21.11 Coal Gas Model 22 Recurrent Data 22.1 Time Step and Output Control 22.2 Well Information Table of Contents xiii Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors Appendix B: Example IFLO Input Data Set References Index