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# Construction Mathematics,

**Surinder Virdi, Roy Baker**

ISBN **0750667923**

Pages **296**

Description

Taking a starting point below that of GCSE level, by assuming no prior mathematical knowledge, Surinder Virdi and Roy Baker take the reader step by step through the mathematical requirements for Level 2 and 3 Building and Construction courses.

Unlike the majority of basic level maths texts available, this book focuses exclusively on mathematics as it is applied in actual construction practice. As such, topics specific to the construction industry are presented, as well as essential areas for Level 2 craft NVQs ???for example, costing calculations, labour costs, cost of materials and setting out of building components.

End of chapter exercises cover a range of theoretical as well as practical problems commonly found in construction practice, and two project-based assignments give students the opportunity to apply the knowledge they have gained. Answers to all exercises are included at the end of book. A chapter detailing the use of a scientific calculator for performing construction calculations will prove invaluable for students with no prior experience of their use.

Construction Mathematics addresses all the mathematical requirements of Level 2 construction NVQs from City & Guilds/CITB and Edexcel courses, including the BTEC First Diploma in Construction. Additional coverage of the core unit Analytical Methods from BTEC National Construction, Civil Engineering, and Building Services courses makes this an essential revision aid to students who do not have Level 2 mathematics experience before commencing their BTEC National studies, or any reader who wishes to refresh their mathematics knowledge.

Solutions to the assignments are available to lecturers only at http://textbooks.elsevier.com

Contents

Preface About the authors Acknowledgements Using a scientific calculator Introduction Keys of a scientific calculator Numbers Introduction History of numbers Positive numbers, negative numbers and integers Prime and composite numbers Square numbers Addition and subtraction Decimal numbers Order of operation Basic algebra Introduction Addition and subtraction Multiplication and division Brackets Simple equations Applications of linear equations Indices and logarithms Indices Laws of indices Logarithms Standard form, significant figures and estimation Standard form Significant figures Estimation Transposition and evaluation of formulae Transposition of formulae Evaluation of formulae Fractions and percentages Fractions Percentages Bulking of sand Graphs Introduction Cartesion axes and co-ordinates Straight line graphs The law of straight line Units and their conversion Introduction Length Mass Area, volume and capacity Temperature Geometry Angles Polygons Triangles Quadrilaterals Sum of the angles in a polygon The circle Areas (1) Introduction Area of triangles Area of quadrilaterals Area of circles Application of area to practical problems Volumes (1) Introduction Volume of prisms, cylinders, pyramids and cones Mass, volume and density Concrete mix Trigonometry (1) Introduction The trigonometrical ratios Trigonometric ratios for 30°, 45°, 60° Angles of elevation and depression Stairs Roofs Excavations and embankments Setting out Introduction Setting out a simple building site Bay windows and curved brickwork Checking building for having square corners Circular arches Elliptical arches Costing ???materials and labor Introduction Foundations Cavity walls Flooring Painting Statistics Introduction Tally charts Tables Types of data Averages The range Statistical diagrams Frequency distributions Areas and volumes (2) Introduction Surface area of a pyramid Surface area of a cone Areas and volumes (3) Introduction Mid-ordinate rule Trapezoidal rule Simpson's rule Volume of irregular solids Prismoidal rule Trigonometry (2) The sine rule and the cosine rule Area of triangles Computer Techniques Introduction Microsoft Excel 2000 Assignment 1 Assignment 2 Appendix 1 : 1:2:4 Concrete Appendix 2 : Answers to exercises Index