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Nuclear Safety

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Nuclear Safety

Gianni Petrangeli

ISBN 0750667230
Pages 430

Nuclear Safety is a comprehensive reference for heath & safety and engineering professionals in the nuclear industry and related bodies, including regulatory authorities, environmental and energy scientists, students, researchers and consultants.

It provides the methods and data needed to evaluate and manage the safety of nuclear facilities and related processes using risk-based safety analysis, and provides readers with the techniques to assess the consequences of radioactive releases.

The book covers relevant international and regional safety criteria (US, IAEA, EUR, PUN, URD, INI). The contents deal with each of the critical components of a nuclear plant, and provide an analysis of the risks arising from a variety of sources, including earthquakes, tornadoes, external impact and human factors. It also deals with the safety of underground nuclear testing and the handling of radioactive waste.

???Covers all plant components and potential sources of risk including human, technical and natural factors
???Brings together information on nuclear safety for which the reader would previously have to consult many different and expensive sources
???Provides international design and safety criteria and an overview of regulatory regimes
???Includes case studies and analysis of major accidents with data and calculations on accompanying website

Gianni Petrangeli has 40 years of experience in the nuclear industry. He was Director of the Departmental Area for Integrated Systems and New Technologies of ANPA, the Italian Regulatory body responsible for nuclear and industrial safety. He is a consultant to the United Nations Atomic Energy Agency and a researcher for nuclear safety for the European Commission. He lectures on Nuclear and Industrial Safety at the University of Pisa.

Introduction. Objectives of nuclear safety. Short history of nuclear safety technology. Inventory and localisation of radioactive products in the plant. Safety systems and their functions. Classification of accidents and description of some examples: Classification; Design basis accidents; Beyond design basis accidents. Severe accidents. Dispersion of radioactive releases. Health consequences of releases. The general approach to the safety of the plant and of the site. Defence in depth. Quality assurance. Safety analysis: Deterministic safety analysis; Probabilistic safety analysis. Safety analysis review. Classification of plant components. Notes on some plant components: The reactor pressure vessel; Piping; Valves; Containers. Resistance of plants to earthquakes. Resistance of plants to tornadoes. Resistance to external impacts. Nuclear safety criteria: General characteristics; The U.S. General design criteria; IAEA criteria; EUR criteria; Other sets of general design criteria. Nuclear safety research. Operating experience: Principal sources; Some notable events; The International Nuclear Event Scale. Underground location of nuclear power plants. Underground nuclear tests. Effects of nuclear explosions. Radioactive waste. Safety of fusion reactors. Safety of specific plants and of other activities. Nuclear plants on satellites. Erroneous beliefs in nuclear safety. When can we say that a particular plant is safe? The limits of nuclear safety: the residual risk. Appendices: The Chernobyl accident; Calculation of the accident pressure in a containment; Table of safety criteria; Dose calculations; Simplified thermal analysis of an insufficiently refrigerated core; Excerpts from EUR Criteria; Notes of fracture mechanics; U.S. General design criteria; IAEA Criteria; Primary depressurisation systems; Calculations on thermal-hydraulic transients of the primary system; Calculation programs for the atmospheric dispersion of releases (DR1, DR2, DR1FUM, DR2FUM); Safety cage; Criteria for the Italian site chart; Safety documents; List of contents and sample chapter of the Standard Review Plan; The Three Mile Island accident. Glossary. Web sites. Index.